Thank you for your excellent question. It is helpful to read Philippians 2:9-11 from J. N. Darby’s translation. These verses state, “Wherefore also God highly exalted Him, and granted Him a name, that which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of heavenly and earthly and infernal [beings], and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord to God [the] Father’s glory.”

The definition of “infernal” is hellish, devilish, and diabolical. The Lord Jesus tells us in Matthew 25:41 that “everlasting fire” is “prepared for the devil and his angels.” Therefore, infernal beings refer to Satan and his demons.

When we look again at Philippians 2:10, we see that all created beings will bow their knees to the Lord Jesus Christ and confess that He is Lord of all. Heavenly beings is talking about the “holy angels” (Matthew 25:31). Earthly beings include all human beings. Finally, infernal beings is speaking of the devil and his angels.

In addition to all created beings bowing their knees and acknowledging the Lordship of Jesus Christ, all of His creation will give Him praise. Let us read Psalm 148 from the NASB.

1 “Praise the LORD! Praise the LORD from the heavens; Praise Him in the heights!

2 Praise Him, all His angels; Praise Him, all His hosts!

3 Praise Him, sun and moon; Praise Him, all stars of light!

4 Praise Him, highest heavens, And the waters that are above the heavens!


6 He has also established them forever and ever; He has made a decree which will not pass away.

7 Praise the LORD from the earth, Sea monsters and all deeps;

8 Fire and hail, snow and clouds; Stormy wind, fulfilling His word;

9 Mountains and all hills; Fruit trees and all cedars;

10 Beasts and all cattle; Creeping things and winged fowl;

11 Kings of the earth and all peoples; Princes and all judges of the earth;

12 Both young men and virgins; Old men and children.

13 Let them praise the name of the LORD, For His name alone is exalted; His glory is above earth and heaven.

14 And He has lifted up a horn for His people, Praise for all His godly ones;

Even for the sons of Israel, a people near to Him.Praise the LORD!”

“Every knee shall bow” (Isaiah 45:23) to the Lord Jesus. You can bow to Him now, repenting of your sins and trusting Christ as your Savior. You can also refuse to bow now, but God guarantees in His Word that you WILL bow later. We would urge you to bow to Christ now as your Savior so that you will not be compelled to bow to Him as your Judge. Which will it be, dear reader?

If you are a believer, then make the choice each day to give Christ His proper place as Lord over every part of your life. This is the way to the abundant life that Christ offers. The Lord Jesus tells us in John 10:10, “The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.”  (DJ)  (499.6)