Let’s read John 2:1-5, “And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.”

The third day is most like referring to the third day since the last event in the first chapter of John.  That was the calling of Philip and Nathanael in verses 43-51.  Now, three days later, we find the Lord, His disciples, and His mother attending a wedding in Cana.  It is so nice to see that the Lord Jesus responded to His invitation by attending.  In fact, He never refuses an invitation.  When someone reaches out to Him for salvation, He responds.  When a believer reaches out to Him with a particular need or concern, He responds.  When a believer falls to His knees in worship and praise, He responds.

These wedding feasts could easily last up to a week.  It was the groom’s responsibility to make sure the guests were given plenty of food and drink. (Verses 9-10).  In this instance, Mary, the mother of Jesus realized they had run out of wine, so she spoke to Jesus and informed Him of this.  His response is the topic of your question.  Let’s look at it carefully.

“Woman” – This is not a disrespectful way for Jesus to address his mother.  It was a common term used.  In fact, even as He later hung upon the cross, He also addressed His mother with that familiar title as we read in John 19:26, “When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!”

“What have I to do with thee?” – This may also sound a little harsh.  Other translations render this phrase a little differently.  Let’s look at how this is translated in the NASB. “And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does that have to do with us?”  This seems to suggest that the Lord, at this point in His life, could no longer be guided by His mother’s directions.  We might rightly assume that He had always been the perfect son in perfect obedience to His mother, but now He was operating solely in obedience to His Father. These words of loving rebuke to Mary clearly show that she had made a mistake and was as fallible as any other woman.

“Mine hour is not yet come.” – Several times in the book of John, the Lord Jesus mentioned His “hour” or His “time”.  (John 7:6, 8:20, 12:23, 13:1, 17:1)  In John 12:23, the Lord spoke of His hour to be glorified.  In John 17:1, He spoke of His hour to glorify the Father.  Here, in John 2, it was not His hour, and when His own dear mother tried to press upon Him to act, He had to rebuke her.  Here, I believe, He is speaking of the hour to manifest His person by performing a miracle.  His words seemed to indicate to His mother that He would act when the time was appropriate for we read in John 2:5, “His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.”  When the hour was right, the Lord acted.  He said of Himself in John 8:29, “I do always those things that please him.” John 2:6-10 give us the account of the Lord changing water to wine and we are told in verse 11, “This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.”  In this miracle, He truly manifested His glory and caused His disciples to have confidence in their faith on Him.  (438.6)