The answer to this question is: We simply don’t know, for the Bible doesn’t say a word about procreation on the New Earth. Here’s what we do know: “Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Then I, John saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away” (Revelation 21:1-4). John is describing the Eternal State. The “ages of time” have run their course; the first heaven and earth have passed away; and God will dwell with all people who had been “redeemed…with the precious blood of Christ” (1st Peter 1:18-19) through simple faith in Christ (Romans 3:21-25a). The redeemed will enjoy uninterrupted fellowship with God (the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit) and sin will never again enter into God’s creation to disturb that blessed fellowship. We know this because we read that there will be “no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying…no more pain.” All the RESULTS of sin are gone because sin has been forever removed from God’s universe! The Apostle Peter spoke of this in 2nd Peter 3:13, “Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which RIGHTEOUSNESS DWELLS.” Our eternal home will be one of absolute HOLINESS and thus we will experience PURE BLISS throughout the endless ages of eternity. Again, nothing is said here about people having children in the eternal state.

As we saw above, there will not only be a “New Earth,” but a “New Heaven.” Why are there TWO dwelling places? Ah, because there are TWO FAMILIES that make up the redeemed. There is a “heavenly people” and there is an “earthly people.” Ephesians 1:10 speaks of this: “That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in ONE all things in Christ, BOTH which are IN HEAVEN and which are ON EARTH.” This verse is speaking of the “last age of time” (before the Eternal State) that we call the “Millennium.” At that time Christ will return to earth and establish His “1,000-year kingdom” (Revelation 19:11-20:6). He will bring all the redeemed who were IN HEAVEN with Him (Jude 14; Revelation 19:7-8, 11, 14; Colossian 3:4), and those who had believed in Him ON EARTH will enter into His kingdom (Matthew 25:31-34). Those who did not believe in Him will be cast into the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41). After the Millennial Kingdom comes to an end Jesus Christ will judge all who died in unbelief and they too will be cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:11-15). Then God will create the New Heaven and the New Earth and it seems reasonable to assume that those living IN HEAVEN will live in the New Heaven (in the New Jerusalem) while those who lived ON EARTH during the Millennium will live on the New Earth. Yet God will dwell with all men so there will be fellowship between God and all the redeemed in both the New Heaven and the New Earth, which also implies there will be fellowship between the heavenly and earthly saints as well.

In closing, there will be children born to believers living on the earth during the Millennium for we read in Psalm 22:31, “They will come and declare His righteousness to A PEOPLE WHO WILL BE BORN, that He has done this.” Perhaps millions of children will be born and they will hear the good news that “Christ finished the work on the cross to save them” (John 19:30) and they must believe on Him in order to enter the New Earth when eternity begins. There will NOT be any children born in heaven, for there will be no marriage in heaven. “For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like the angels of God” (Matthew 22:20).  (DO)  (530.1)